What are cognitive functions?


Cognitive functions can be defined as cerebral activities that lead to knowledge, including all means and mechanisms of acquiring information.

Cognitive functions encompass reasoning, memory , attention, and language and lead directly to the attainment of information and, thus, knowledge. Nevertheless, if cognitive performance is directly linked to these functions, other endogenous factors, such as mood and physical health, can impact it tremendously.

Cognitive function is studied by a lot of different scientist working in different domains like neuroscience, psychology, anthropology, philosophy. Different models and theories exist to explain how works cognitive function, we present you some of these.